The European rabbit may be known by long floppy ears, short tail, and long jumping gait. The adult coats square measure usually gray-brown, however vary from sandy color to black or dark grey. The undersurface of the rabbits square measure fully white with all color variations. Rabbits may be differentiated from hares by a size variations. Hares square measure larger than rabbits and have longer legs and ears. Male (bucks) European rabbits weigh a lot of and have broader heads than females (does), however the look of each sexes is extremely similar. European rabbits square measure glorious for his or her ability to dig in depth tunnel systems referred to as warrens with many entrances and exits.
European rabbits square measure aggressive foragers and threaten diverseness after they become established in new non-native areas. Ironically, the eu rabbit is changing into vulnerable in its native areas with populations decreasing chop-chop warranting them to be listed on the IUCN red list. This solely applies to native areas, and therefore the Oryctolagus cuniculus continues to be thought of a persecutor in non-native areas. European rabbits square measure capable of changing into established in new areas thanks to their ability to breed quickly and consume an oversized kind of food. Populations within the billions are documented in Australia wherever the eurabbit has become established and threatens several agricultural animals like goats and sheep by removing obtainable food sources. alternative native populations that consume a similar food sources as European rabbits in several countries square measure outcompeted and suffer forceful population losses. several field mice square measure driven out of their burrows as a results of Oryctolagus cuniculus institution creating them straightforwardprey for foxes. giant areas of forage causes wearing and loss of viable land. Native life has additionally been settled by non-specific poisons used for management of the eu rabbit.
Rabbits square measure accepted for his or her ability to breed chop-chop. one combine of European rabbits square measure capable of manufacturing 30-40 offspring every year. feminine rabbits square measurereproductively mature once 3-4 months and might be unceasingly pregnant for 6-8 months. a mean gestation cycle lasts for thirty one days with litters of 2-12 young that square measure unbroken during a protected and secluded a part of the warren wherever the mother feeds and protects the young severally. though European rabbits aren’t glorious for speed or intelligence they’re accepted for fruitful capabilities with associate extreme example in 1859 in Australia wherever twenty four European rabbits cause a population of over 600 million in buta century.
European rabbits were initial documented in Washington State in 1929, however institution is believed to possessoccurred as early as 1875. the eu rabbit was introduced as an impression agent for weeds and alternativeunsought vegetation and later became in style as a house pet. As a forage student the eu rabbit was quickly noted to prey on over simply the targeted persecutor plants and chop-chop became established within the u. s. moreoveras all alternative continents within the world with the exception of continent.